On this day, September 3rd, 1833 in New York, The Sun began publication September 3, 1833, as a morning newspaperedited by Benjamin Day with the slogan "It Shines for All". An evening edition was introduced in 1887.
On this day, September 2nd, 1963 CBS Evening News located in New York City, becomes U.S. network television's first half-hour weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.
On this day, September 1st, the SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London in the time of 1 hour, 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds at a speed of 1,435.587 miles per hour (2,310.353 km/h).
On this day, August 31st, 1907, William Shaw is born in Chicago, Illinois.
After traveling to Las Vegas and New Mexico as a journalist, Shaw and his wife moved to
New York City in 1932.
Soon after their arrival, Shaw's wife Lucille began a job as a fact checker at the popular magazine, The New Yorker. Shaw became an assitant editor at The New Yorker and oversaw the magazine's coverage of World War II. It was Shaw who persuaded then editor and founder of The New Yorker, Harold Ross, to print John Hersey's Hiroshima. After Ross' death in 1951, Shaw became editor of New York Magazine. He was editor for 53 years.
On this day, August 30th, 1989, Leona Helmsley is convicted of tax evasion of more than $1 Million in federal income taxes. Also Known as, "The Queen of Mean", Helmsley serves 18 months in prison.
The hotel magnate was quoted by her housekeeper as saying, "We don't pay taxes. Only the little people pay taxes.". In an ironic twist Helsmley was to report to prison on April 15th, 1992, which is of course, tax day.
After her prison sentence, Helmsley led a secluded life. She died in 2007 at the age of age of 87.
She left her Maltese dog, Trouble, a $12 million trust fund. This sum was subsequently reduced to $2 million.
On this day, August 29th, 1813, Henry Bergh was born. Bergh founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) on April 10, 1866. In 1875, he went on to be co-founder of the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NYSPCC).
Bergh died on March 12, 1888 and was interred in Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn.
On this day, August 28, in 1963, Emily Hoffert and Janice Wylie were killed in the Upper East Side apartment that they shared.
The murders were a media spectacle, but the case is best remembered for the fact that the initial person accused was George Whitmore, Jr., a 19 year old with an IQ of less than 100. He had no criminal record, but after 2 days of questioning, he confessed. In the mean time, investigators colected further evidence that exonerated Mr. Whitmore. He also repudiated his confessions three days after he confessed alleging that he had been beaten, and had been denied counsel.
Investigators eventually determined that Mr. Whitmore had actually been in Wildwood, New Jersey at the time of the murder.
In spite of weak evidence, and evidence that directly refuted his guilt, he was eventually convicted in a related case.
Whitmore's wrongful conviction was cited by the US Supreme Court in Miranda v. Arizona, 384 US 436 (1966), as an example of maltreatment by police, and failure of an accused to be advised of his constitutional rights. It also was used by the NY Legislature to restrict and eventually eliminate the death penalty in NY State.
On this day, August 27, in 1892, the Metropolitan Opera House, located at 1411 Broadway (between West 39th and 40th Streets, was gutted by fire. The Opera house sometimes known as "the old Met" was built nine years earlier.
The fire resulted in the 1892-93 season being cancelled, and the opera house was rebuilt to the same specifications. The opera house continued to operate until April 16, 1966.